NUTRITIONAL CONTENT OF SELECTED GREEN VEGETABLE POWDERS

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Harris Susanto, Suyud Warno Utomo, Raldi H. Koestoer, M. Hasroel Thayib

Abstract

This research aims to complete the data relating to longevity spinach (Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr) found in previous research and to compare the composition of proximate, minerals, and vitamins in selected leaves known as vegetables in Indonesia. All plants, such as fruit and vegetables, contain different levels of antioxidants and nutritional content required by the human body. The selected leaves are those of spinach (Amaranthus spinosusL.), kaffir lime (Citrus hystrix D.C), and broccoli (Brassica oleracea L.). The powder was made using a chopper, dryer with thermostat, and a fine powder grinder. Gynuraprocumbens had the highest amount of moisture (7.60 ± 0.08%), ash (18.75 ± 0.09%), and crude fat (4.87 ± 0.04%) compared to the other green vegetable powders. It also had the highest amount of sodium (565.63 ± 1.10 mg/100g), potassium (6584.02 ± 43.18 mg / 100g), and iron (63.69 ± 0.41 mg/100g). Gynura procumbens had the highest level of vitamin A (2450.22 ± 9.81 IU), while citrus had the highest levels of vitamin C and vitamin E, at 2450.22 ± 9.81 mg and 3.78 ± 0.11 mg respectively. Gynura procumbens has organic content in the form of phenol, alkaloids and flavonoids, and its derivative compounds have many health benefits, such as cancer drugs; protection of the liver, kidney, and heart; anti-hypertension, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-hyperglycemic properties, and it also improves sexual functions.

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