EVOLUTION OF STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE INDUSTRY-UNİVERSITY-RESEARCH COLLABORATION NETWORK IN THE GRAIN INDUSTRY: BASED ON CHINESE PATENT DATA

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Yang YANPING, Liu YAOJUN

Abstract

This paper constructed a four-stage and two-way network for the industry-university-research collaboration of the grain industry based on the cooperative patent data of China's grain industry from 1985 to 2017 and in combination with the actual development of industry-university-research collaboration, and specifically analyzed the evolution of the industry-university-research collaboration network from the two perspectives, which are macro-overall structure and micro-organizational characteristics. Our findings are as follows: The industry-university-research collaboration network of the grain industry gradually expanded in size and range, but the density showed a decreasing trend; innovative organizations entering the collaboration network were mostly distributed in the periphery of the network, and the proportion of organizations in the core area was extremely low; the collaboration network was composed of different innovative groups, which were closely linked within their respective groups and exchanged information among the groups, making the whole collaboration network quite small; enterprises, research institutions and other innovative organizations separately acted as leaders and dominants, participants and linkers, and supporters and service providers in the industry-university-research collaboration network of the grain industry. The results of this paper are expected to bring some inspirations for grain technology innovation, promote the deep integration of industries, universities and research institutions in the grain industry, and facilitate formulation of grain safety strategies across the globe.

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